Participation, Accountability and Transparency


Accountability and Transparency is a challenge in governance processes in many emerging economies in Sub-Saharan Countries. The manifestations of this challenge include issues of corruption, poor service delivery, opaque budgetary and contracting processes. In the electoral process, subversion of popular will through electoral violence, ballot snatching and vote buying is exacerbated by increasing poverty rates and high incidence of illiteracy in several countries. At the sub-national level; interference, administrative subversion and outright embezzlement of local government allocations by State governments further impoverishes this level of government tasked with direct interaction with the Nigerian public. Moreover, opaque public procurement processes, mired by breaches in statutes and lax compliance to due process in contract award, project execution, and inflation of contract costs contribute to bloating capital expenditure in national and sub-national budgets.

In the Natural resources sector, poor accountability mechanisms in management of oil revenues has fuelled public animosity on the removal of the fuel subsidy and similar policies aimed at mopping up leakages in the industry.

In the Health sector, accountability issues exist across the decentralised health system from the national hospitals, state general hospitals and local government health centers.

In the agricultural sector, smallholder farmers complain of non availability of fertilisers or access to funding and raw materials provided from multilateral organisations such as the African Development Bank and USAID (Okewu and Okewu. 2015). Across every level of government, service delivery sector and industries, poor regard for the rule of law and respect for due process is impacting on economic and social development in many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa.



The PAT program is the frontline program at TL First gov, and it is focused at the sub-national level of government, where we expect to have the highest likelihood of impact on local populations. In most locales in Sub-Saharan Africa, Sub-national levels of governments have the direct responsibility of public goods provision, however this is the level of government with the least administrative and fiscal control over human and technical resources for service provisions. At the Sub-national level of government, information asymmetry and time lag is also a critical issue in transparency and accountability in the relationship between governments, development partners, citizens’ groups and the general populace.

At TLFirstgov, we seek to address the following
  • Information asymmetry between governments and citizens through the is about collating, translating and transforming information into contextualised formats for policy, academic and civil society audiences.
  • An understanding local social and political norms, institutions and practices, and discovering creative ways to work accountability mechanisms into governance practices will serve as a pivot to situate accountability at the heart of development programming in Nigeria.

Issue Areas

Within this focus area, we seek to support governments with knowledge to increase

  • Government-civil society relations on transparency and accountability.
  • Access to Information and Citizens Engagement
  • Open Contracting and Open Data
  • Anti-corruption: Asset recovery, beneficial ownership,
  • Performance evaluation in service provisions and Citizens report on the budget process