Knowledge Series

generating solutions...

Digital Dividends

The first part of this report finds that traditional development challenges are preventing the digital revolution from fulfilling its transformative potential. It argues that to ensure that everyone will reap the dividends of the internet, focusing on access to technology is essential but far from sufficient. Why? Because technology needs to be complemented by improvements in areas that determine whether firms, people, and governments can make effective use of new digital tools. The analog foundation cannot be strengthened overnight. It requires overcoming some of the most protracted development challenges... Read more

Change in Challenging Contexts, Overseas Development Institute (2015)

The paper explores how genuine institutional change takes place and how it can be supported. Drawing from a Budget Strengthening Initiative (BSI) exercise, the Overseas Development Institute (ODI) shares lessons from its experiences in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia, South Sudan and Uganda and other g7+ group of fragile states (Afghanistan, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Papua New Guinea, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste, Togo and Yemen)... Read more

Natural Remedy to Water Challenges

The 2018 World Water Day campaign was on the importance of nature-based solutions (NBS) to the water challenges of the 21st century. Recently, droughts have jeopardized food security in Uganda, Kenya, Somalia, Djibouti and Ethiopia. Water crises have caused unrest in rural nations around the Arabian Sea and are a looming threat to cities around the world including Mexico City, Sao Paulo and Jakarta. At the moment, 2.1 billion people live without safe drinking water. The World Water Development Report (WWDR) 2018 calls for water solutions inspired and supported by nature, in addressing present-day water management challenges... Read more

Public Financial Management and Health Service Delivery, Overseas Development Institute (2017)

Debates in health and public finance management policy networks have tended to take place as separated concerns but this in recent times is changing, as debates in both policy fields are now attempting to recognize the link between the two issues. This paper explores in detail, the theoretical and empirical links between these two concepts mostly from the standpoint of public finance management (PFM). A review of the relationship between health service delivery and PFM from literature review agrees with the consensus that two are linked and that better PFM systems are likely to support improved service delivery... Read more

Resilience Planning, The BRACED Knowledge Manager (2017)

Globally in recent decades, there have been increasing experiences of flood, drought and other man-made as well as natural water conditions resulting in property and human loss, and general hardship. This is the despite the technological innovations, medical advancements and socioeconomic development which should mean that we are more likely now, to survive a disaster (ActionAid International, 2016). Rapid population growth in hazard-prone locations makes the world more susceptible to the adverse effects of disasters... Read more

Sanitation under Stress, Overseas Development Institute (2016)

This paper explores the challenge of cities in meeting up with the demand for water, proper sanitation and basic services for effective functioning. It suggests that greater efforts should be made to identifying service providers in cities and discovering challenges they face in responding to acute migration. Large, unplanned for influx of migrants and refugees poses both a challenge and an opportunity to local service providers and governments in the delivery of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) service... Read more

Sports for Development and Peace

Sport is popular worldwide and has underlying positive values such as cooperation, fair play, ethics, respect, and a sense of fellowship among competitors. For centuries, it has been used not only for recreation or competition but also to promote social relations and fitness. The first Olympic Games held on April 6, 1896 as a tool to foster peace and development. In acknowledging the move of the International Olympic Committee in supporting positive individual and societal and individual change, the United Nations General Assembly adopted April 6 as the International Day of Sport for Development and Peace (IDSDP)... Read more